Al Arroub Pool or as it is know in Arabic, Birket El Shatt, is located about 200 meters east of Al-Arroub Refugee Camp. The Pool dates back to the Roman period, and has been used by all the cultures and civilizations who have ruled Palestine in order to collect water. At one time it was connected with Solomon’s Pools south of Bethlehem, but the Pool has been empty of water since 1977.
The ruins of a Byzantine church, built inside the wall around the year 570AD, were converted into an Umayyad mosque in the 7th century. After the Crusaders conquered the city it was rebuilt again as the Church of Saint Abraham in the 12th century. Later, in the same century, the city was taken over by Sultan Salah ad-Din, and the church was reconverted into a mosque.
According to Jewish, Christian, and Muslim medieval traditions, the graves of the biblical prophets Gad and Nathan are located in Halhul. Another Muslim tradition places Jonah’s grave in the town. The burial sites, formerly designated on the list of Holy Places, are now under control of the Palestinian Authority.
The site of Mamre, known in Arabic as “Haram Ramat Al Khalil”, is located approximately 3 km north of Hebron, on the ancient main road, today known as Al-Rama Street.
The Bible describes Mamre as Abraham’s dwelling place, where Abraham settled after separating from his nephew Lot, and where he built an altar to the Lord (Genesis 13:18, 18:1, 23:19).
The Market (Al-Souq), with its arched roofs and maze of alleys, is worth exploring. The shops and stalls sell everything from pottery, olivewood and glass, to fresh and dried fruits. The grapes produced here are converted into jam and a kind of molasses, and the traditional crafts of glass and pottery making, as well as leather tanning, have been adapted to small scale factory production.
Two km from the Hebron city center, on a high hill, lies the Russian Orthodox Church of “Al-Maskobiyeh.” The Church was built in 1871 AD around an old oak tree, and is the only church in the city of Hebron. The oak tree on its grounds is said to be the relic of Abraham’s visitation by the angels (Gen 18: 1-14). From the tower of the Church you can enjoy wonderful views across the Judean hills, extending to the Dead Sea on clear days.
Yatta is a Palestinian city located approximately 12 km south of the city of Hebron in the West Bank. Located on a large, ancient hilltop, 800m above sea level, Yatta has been identified with the site of the Biblical town of Juttah. Eusebius (4th century AD) wrote that Yatta was “a very large village of city eighteen miles south of Beit Guvrin.”
Tel Rumeida is located on a slope descending eastward from Jebel Rumeida, west of today’s old city center. The hill is under Israeli control (H2), and protrudes into a populated Palestinian area. Most of the area is agricultural land featuring fruit trees, particularly olive trees. Several Palestinian homes are located at the top of the hill.
Samou’ City is located 18 km southwest of Hebron. The city can be reached by public transportation from the Central Bus Station in Hebron. Its altitude 725m above sea level, and because of its geographical location Samou’ tends to experience extreme climate changes, very hot during the summer and cold during the winter. Samou’ had 22,000 residents according to census date from the end of 2011. The city is famous for its agricultural and commercial industries.
The International Palestinian Youth League (IPYL) is an independent non-governmental, non-partisan, non-religious secular organization based in Hebron. IPYL was founded in May 1997 by a cross-section of Palestinian youth activists.