Qalqilia is located 14 km from the Mediterranean Sea near the Green Line. It is 80 km northeast of Jerusalem, and sits at an altitude of 60 – 70m above sea level. As of 2011, there were about 100,000 inhabitants in the district of Qalqilya(PCBS). The Governorate of Qalqilya contains 34 villages. The area is also home to many archaeological ruins and other tourist destinations, but most sites are in need of rehabilitation. Despite that, in recent years, the city has become very active because of the beauty of the region, with its green areas and orchards, and availability of water.

Tulkarm was settled by the Canaanites in 3000 B.C. and tombs from early Canaanites have been discovered in the vicinity of the city. It later became a Roman post called Birat Soriqa. During the Islamic period, the original name was Tor Al Karm which means ‘The Mount of Vineyards.’ In the middle of the 17th century AD, the local inhabitants pronounced it ‘tul’ instead of ‘tor,’ and it has been known as Tulkarm until today. The population flourished in the city starting in the Roman period up until the present day because of its rich soil and the availability of water. The city also gained importance when the Ottomans made it the capital of the region.

The Tulkarm Archaeological Museum, which is located in the center of the town, includes numerous artifacts from the Roman period onward.

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